The Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) of
1975, also known as Public Law 94-142, is a federal law that requires public
schools to provide appropriate educational services for all disabled people
between ages 3 and 21. EAHCA was strengthened and expanded with the passage of
the 1997 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Funds are granted
to individual states with special education programs that comply with federal
guidelines. These guidelines outline only the minimum standards that states
must meet in order to get the funds. After meeting these guidelines, states are
allowed flexibility in designing their own programs.
(Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Strep) * International. Provides information on local support groups (click on 'Helpful Resources' in the top menu bar, for 'Support Groups'), resources, and library. PANDAS has been desribed as a syndrome characterized by an onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder and/or tic disorder behaviors such as Tourette syndrome, possibly related to a child having a Group A Beta-Hemolytic Strep (GABHS) infection, such as strep throat or...
Duration of services. Your child may be eligible
for services beyond the 180 days of a traditional school
Identifying and evaluating the disability. Your child must be
officially evaluated for having a disability through specific testing
procedures. Health, vision, hearing, social and emotional development,
intelligence, communication skills, and academic performance must all be
included during this evaluation.
Free and appropriate education.
The needs vary for each child with a disability but include education and
related services. This is a comprehensive requirement that may include services
such as transportation, psychological care, and physical therapy. But medical
services are excluded from this provision. Although some services are free,
this does not mean they are the best services available. Some services beyond
those minimally required may be available on a sliding price scale based on
Least restrictive environment. Handicapped children
are mainstreamed into traditional classrooms with normally developing children
whenever possible. Although this is not always feasible or appropriate,
attempts should be made to limit a child's
Individualized education program (IEP). Educational
programs to fit specific needs are designed based upon the evaluation of a
child's disability. Meetings are held with school personnel and parents to
identify goals and establish a program to best help the child with available
Early intervention services for infants and toddlers
with physical, cognitive, communication, social or emotional, or adaptive
developmental disabilities. This also may include infants or toddlers at risk
for these developmental problems, depending upon the state.
Detailed documentation of this law is available on the
following Web site: www.ed.gov/offices/OSERS/Policy/IDEA.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Fred Volkmar, MD - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
April 12, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
April 12, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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