stuttering may require indirect treatment if it does
not resolve on its own or improve with parent counseling within about 6 weeks.
Indirect treatment expands on elements of parent counseling, such as creating a
comfortable and relaxing environment in which the child's speech can improve
naturally, and also includes limited involvement with a
speech-language pathologist, who evaluates and
monitors progress while observing and interacting with the child.
For example, you may be taught more ways to slow down your own
speech and how to provide opportunities for quiet exchanges with your child,
where speaking is optional. Some programs focus on continuing to learn creative
ways to give your child positive reinforcement during periods of speech
fluency. You will also be shown how to track your child's progress and to keep
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes and Carney Complex
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes are inheriteddisorders that affect the endocrine system. The endocrine system is made up of glands and cells that make hormones and release them into the blood. MEN syndromes may cause hyperplasia (the growth of too many normal cells) or tumors that may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
There are several types of MEN syndrome...