Each child with
dyslexia has a different set of abilities and
disabilities, which can range from mild to severe. A child's academic future
lies in a combination of several things: the severity of dyslexia, his or her
intelligence, support of family and school professionals, family resources,
motivation to learn, and any associated disability, such as
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Up to half of children with specific learning disabilities have
other impairments that interfere with their schooling.5Disabilities often associated with dyslexia include
ADHD, behavioral or memory problems, or difficulty using problem-solving skills
to achieve a goal.
Studies that have followed children with
dyslexia from kindergarten through high school show that most learn to read
accurately, although they usually read at a slow rate and are not completely
fluent readers. So, many teens with dyslexia may need some special assistance
in the classroom.
Extra time to finish classroom assignments or
tests is often needed by all children with dyslexia. Children with dyslexia
also may need help managing their schedules, organizing work, and completing
multiple assignments and long-term projects, especially when they reach middle
school. It's also helpful to let them:
- Tape classroom lectures.
- Use books
on tape to access texts and other required readings.
- Take tests
aloud or as short essays rather than as multiple choice.
- Use a
laptop computer with a spelling checker.
- Take tests in a separate,
Parents can effectively support their child if they
understand dyslexia and how to deal with their child's special needs. Having
dyslexia can lead to poor
depression, or behavioral problems in some children
which can hinder their reading progress. If you think your child has
self-esteem problems related to dyslexia,
counseling may help.
- Growth and Development: Helping Your Child Build Self-Esteem
Will my child learn to read and succeed at school?
Typically children with dyslexia are very bright, although reading will
probably continue to be a challenge throughout life. The earlier dyslexia is
recognized and addressed, the greater the chance that your child will learn to
read at his or her highest possible level.2
Encouraging and supporting your child while staying involved in his or
her education are other key factors. Helping children with coping strategies as
they advance in school will also help. Although extra effort and dedication are
required, often children with dyslexia are able to contend with this disability
and succeed in academics and other areas.