Growth and Development,Ages 2 to 5 Years - What to Expect
General development between ages 2 and 5 years
Children grow in natural, predictable steps, moving from one milestone to the next. You will see gains in five major areas.
Emotional and social development begins at age 2 with
excitement about being around other children. But most children at
this age play near each other rather than with each other (parallel play). By age 5, most children seek and enjoy friendships.
Physical development slows down from
the rapid growth during infancy. From age 2 through age 5, most children
3 lb (1.4 kg) to
5 lb (2.3 kg) a year and grow about
3 in. (7.6 cm) a year.
Cognitive development, or thinking and
reasoning skills, progresses from a simple to a more complex understanding of
time, letters, counting, and colors. Children are able to follow increasingly
more detailed commands.
Language develops rapidly between ages
2 and 5. By age 3, children can speak at
least 200 words and can follow two-part directions, such as "Wash your face and
put your shoes away." Most
5-year-olds can carry on a conversation.
Sensory and motor skills become more
refined, from being able to walk up stairs, kick a ball, and draw simple
strokes to being able to do basic tumbling and draw rough figures of people and other
Tumors of many different cell types may form in the spinal cord. Low-grade spinal cord tumors usually do not spread. High-grade spinal cord tumors may spread to other places in the spinal cord or to the brain. See the following PDQ summaries for more information on staging and treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent childhood spinal cord tumors:
Childhood Astrocytomas Treatment
Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors Treatment
Childhood Ependymoma Treatment