Health and Safety,Ages 2 to 5 Years - Safety Measures Around the Home
Prevent household fires by having and maintaining smoke detectors, planning and practicing
escape routes, and teaching your child basic fire safety skills. Children
ages 2 to 5 are often curious about fire. Warn your child about
the dangers of fire, and explain why only grown-ups are allowed to use
Serious burns are most often caused by heat,
electricity, or chemicals. Other types of burns include radiation burns
(usually from sun exposure) and friction burns. Prevent burn injuries to your
child by identifying dangers in your home and removing them or blocking your
child's access to them. For more information, see the topic
heat burns can be prevented by keeping your child away from fire, steam, hot
liquids, and hot objects. Consider buying pajamas made of
flame-resistant fabric for your child.
- To prevent
electrical burns, keep electrical cords out of reach
of your child and use safety covers on all outlets. Keep your child indoors and
away from windows during electrical storms.
Prevent chemical burns by keeping all caustic or corrosive products out of reach of
children. Acid, such as from batteries, and alkaline products, such as drain
cleaners, are especially dangerous.
Friction burns are
usually minor injuries, many of which can be prevented by providing proper play
equipment and helping children to avoid scrapes. For more information, see the
- Enjoy fireworks from a distance.
Almost half of the people injured by summer fireworks are children younger than age
15.1 Children can also get burns from using and being
around firecrackers and sparklers.
Guns and other weapons
Gun and firearm safety measures should be established for all households and especially those
where children live or visit. Keep all guns and firearms in a locked
area, unloaded, and out of reach of children. Also, store knives (even kitchen
knives), swords, and other weapons safely out of reach.
Pets are in many households. Children who
live in homes without pets likely will encounter animals in other settings.
Many injuries can be avoided by teaching children how to properly interact with
pets. Also, pet owners who train and keep their animals healthy are less likely
to have problems when children are around.
Children younger than 5 years of age die
from drowning more than any other age group.2 Help
prevent a drowning tragedy by following the recommendations from the U.S.
Consumer Product Safety Commission, the National Safety Council, and the
American Academy of Pediatrics.
Supervise all baths at all times.
Always stay within arm's reach of your child. Never leave your child alone in
the tub-even with an older sibling.
Control access to water in your home. Empty all buckets and coolers when not in use. Keep toilet
lids down and consider securing them with safety latches.
Keep pool areas safe. If you have your own pool or pond, keep it fenced. And
follow all your local regulatory safety codes. These usually are available
through your city planning department. When visiting public or private pools,
make sure your children are supervised closely and that they are familiar with
pool safety rules.
Teach swimming safety. Make sure your
child knows basic rules, such as to always swim with a buddy and to never push
another child into the water. Always have your child wear a life jacket when
swimming or boating.
Recognize the dangers of hot tubs and spas. Teach your child that hot tubs and spas are not places to play,
and consider making them off limits.
Keep children away from irrigation canals. Do not let your child play in or near irrigation
In addition to these precautions, learn first aid and
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Knowing these
skills can make the difference between life and death in an emergency
situation. For more information, see the topic
Dealing With Emergencies.