Speech and language
difficulties are estimated to occur in about 6 out of 100 children.1 Mild and temporary speech delays can occur in some children.
Some children learn new words faster than others do. If your child is not
saying words by 18 months, or can say fewer than 50 words by 24 months, talk to
your doctor. All children with a speech delay should have their
The backyard offers a world of fun for children. Playgrounds offer even more
chances for adventure. But the fun can end abruptly when someone gets hurt.
That’s one reason the American Academy of Pediatrics reminds parents to
supervise children’s outdoor play, even at home.
To protect your kids from injuries, keep these backyard and playground
safetytips in mind.
Backyard safety basics
Start by giving your backyard a once-over:
Check to see that your fences are sturdy and in good...
Keep in mind that many
different factors determine a child's speech development. Be aware of the
common misconceptions about what causes speech and
language delays, such as laziness or developmental differences between boys and
girls. Even if some of these factors contribute to a child's speaking slightly
later than others of the same age, they are not the cause of significant speech
delays. True delays are related to developmental or health issues, such as some
types of hearing loss or a family history of speech and language delay.
Red flags for speech and language developmental delays
are generally based on established speech and language milestones. Talk to your
child's doctor any time you have concerns. It is critical to identify
speech and language delays early and rule out other conditions, such
as difficulty hearing. Early diagnosis allows the doctor to recommend
treatments that can help prevent long-term problems.
While they learn and master new
language skills, children sometimes talk in ways that are demanding or
impolite. For example, a child may say "Give me!" when he or she wants a toy.
Often this seemingly bad behavior is the result of children's inability to find
the words that fit their feelings, or they are simply repeating what is being
said around them. Gently remind your child to use an appropriate voice and
manners. And consistently model polite speech and behavior.
parents think that their child is constantly talking or chattering. This is a
child's way of practicing. It is not necessary for parents to listen and
respond to everything a talkative child says, but don't completely tune out
your chatterer either. Singing and dancing with your child and playing music or
reading stories geared toward children will help your child learn to listen and
to express himself or herself.
Most children make developmentally
"mistakes" when they first learn to talk. For example,
children commonly mispronounce words, such as saying "pasghetti" for
"spaghetti." As children listen to other people, they often correct their
mistakes. They learn to say words clearly and use grammar correctly through